Author Instructions for World Journal of Colorectal Surgery


Manuscript Preparation & Specification

Manuscripts should be typed double-spaced, with wide margins, and formatted for standard letter size paper (8-1/2 x 11 inches). There should be no title page or page numbers on the manuscript. These will be added later. All tables should be numbered. All artwork must be labeled with the figure number. All text elements should begin flush left with no paragraph indents and two returns after every element, such as titles, headings, paragraphs, legends, etc.

The names of the authors should not appear on the manuscript and it should conform to the following order: text of manuscript, acknowledgments, references, figure legends, and tables. WJCS uses the American Medical Association Manual of Style, 9th Edition (Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1998).

To submit your article you will need to have the full names and affiliations for all authors, in addition to the full mailing and e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the author to whom correspondence and proofs should be sent. You will also need four to six key words.

Vector (Line) Graphics

  • Vector graphics exported from a drawing program should be stored in EPS format only.
  • Suitable drawing program: Adobe Illustrator. For simple line art the following drawing programs are also acceptable: Corel Draw, Freehand, Canvas.
  • No rules narrower than .25 pt.
  • No grey screens paler than 15% or darker than 60%. Screens meant to be differentiated from one another must differ by at least 15%.

Spreadsheet/Presentation Graphics

  • Most presentation programs (Excel, PowerPoint, Free lance) produce data that cannot be stored in an EPS or TIFF


Each manuscript must include a structured abstract of no more than 250 words, divided into the following subheadings: Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions.

Appendixes, Acknowledgments

Acknowledgments of grant support and assistance of others in the study or in the preparation of the manuscript should be made in a separate paragraph following the text and preceding the References (see "Authorship" above). Acknowledgments should be as concise as possible.


References must be cited in consecutive numerical order at first mention in the text and arranged numerically, not alphabetically, on pages preceded by the head "References." In each reference, list all authors' names when there are seven or fewer; if there are more than seven, list the first three authors followed by et al.

The author is responsible for the accuracy of the references. References must be typed double-spaced. Material cited in the reference list "in press" must have been accepted for publication, not merely submitted for review. Ibid references are not permitted.

Unpublished data and personal communications should not be included in the reference list; rather, this information may be included in the text, with pertinent identification (A. Author, unpublished data) or (B. Author, personal communication). The unpublished data of others and personal communications can be used only when written authorization from the data owner or communicator is submitted with the original manuscript.

Sample References:


  • Chao C, Martin RCG, Ross MI, et al. Correlation between prognostic factors and increasing age in melanoma. Ann Surg Onco12004; 11:259-264.

Journal article with DOl reference"

  • Elias D, Sideris L, Po card M, et al. (2004) Results of RO resection for colorectal liver metastases associated with extrahepatic disease. Ann Surg Oncol 11:274-280; DOl: 1O.1245/ASO.2004.03.085 [Online February 9, 2004].


  • Greene FL, Page DL, Fleming ID, et al. AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, Sixth Edition. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2002.

Book Chapter

  • Davis DA. Lifelong learning: A physician's perspective. In: Manning PR, DeBakey L, eds. Medicine: Preserving the Passion in the 21st Century, Second Edition. New York: Springer Science+Business Media, Inc., 2004: 245-250.

Web-Based Resource

Figures or Illustrations

Figures or illustrations should be cited in consecutive numerical order at first mention in the text.

Color Figures and Illustrations: Color can be used without charge for the electronic edition of the journal.

Illustrations: The publisher reserves the right to reduce or enlarge illustrations. Arrows, letters, and numbers should be inserted professionally. Micrographs should have an internal magnification marker and the magnification should also be stated in the caption.


Each figure must have a descriptive legend typed double-spaced on a separate page after the reference list. Legends must be brief, self-sufficient explanations of the figures and illustrations in no more than four or five lines. Remarks such as, "For Explanation, see text", should be avoided. All identifying symbols (arrows, letters, etc.) and abbreviations should be explained clearly in the legend.

Original magnification and staining method should be included. Acknowledgment of previous publication must be noted (see "Permissions").


Tables should be cited in consecutive numerical order at first mention in the text and should enhance, not duplicate, information contained in the text. They should be numbered and titled, and appear on separate pages at the end of the manuscript. All abbreviations should be spelled out, and footnotes to the table indicated with superscript lower case letters. Footnotes to the table should be limited, and extensive description included in the text, not in footnotes, as appropriate. Indication of previous publication must be included in a footnote.

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Submission Process

The main document with manuscript text and tables should be prepared with an electronic word processing program. You may submit the article in Word, WordPerfect or RTF format and the system can directly convert file. If you use other word processing software files should be saved in RTF (Rich Text Format). RTF is a common export property of most popular word processors. Check your word processor to see if it can export or "Save As" your file in RTF. Microsoft Word and WordPerfect both contain this function.

Save each figure as a single image file in either uncompressed TIFF (Tag Image File Format) or EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) format. Most image editing programs (e.g., Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, Deneba Canvas, Corel Draw, etc.) can produce TIFF or EPS file formats. The JPEG format is acceptable if the image is saved at the highest quality (without or with lossless compression). Images created in slide presentation programs, such as Microsoft PowerPoint, or Microsoft Excel are low resolution and may not be acceptable. Please verify your uploaded files before proceeding with your submission. You will also be notified by email that your submission was successful.

Keep copies of your word-processing and figure files. If you are submitting figures that you have scanned, be prepared to send the hard copy originals upon request.

Halftone Illustrations

  • Black & white and color figures and illustrations should be saved in EPS or TIFF format.
  • Figures and Illustrations should be created using Adobe Photoshop whenever possible.


  • Scanned reproductions of black and white photographs should be provided as 300 ppi EPS or TIFF files.
  • Scanned color illustrations should be provided as EPS or TIFF files scanned at a minimum of 300 ppi with a 24-bit color depth.
  • Line art should be provided as EPS or TIFF files at 600 ppl.


Upon submission of multimedia articles, the author(s) will be required to submit the video in the following format:

Multimedia file for review: MPEG-l or Quicktime MOV file with the largest frame size (usually 320 x 240 pixels) that will fit on a CD and will be playable on a Windows-based computer (maximum file size for review purposes is 60 MB) Multimedia file for final submission if accepted for publication: generic Microsoft AVI file, full screen video 640 x 480 or 720 x 480 pixels (using Cinepak or similar CODECL Microsoft DV AVI 720 x 480 pixels (NTSC format), or Quicktime MOV file full-screen video 640 x 480 or 720 x 480 pixels written to a CD (short submission) or data format DVD (-/+R or RW). The content of these files must be identical to that reviewed and accepted by the editors.

All narration should be in English.

In general, video clips should not exceed 3 minutes. Video clips can be uploaded following the manuscript text as supplemental material.

If you are unable to submit your manuscript, please contact the editorial office:

World Journal of Colon and Rectal Surgery
11300 W. Olympic Blvd. #600
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Tel: +1 310 909 0107
Fax: +1 310 437 0505

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Production Workflow

Once a manuscript has been accepted, and received by the publisher in a complete form (with all figures, tables, references, finalized text, signed copyright transfer statement, and valid e-mail address-Please see Manuscript Preparation and Specifications), proofs will be available electronically for author proofreading. After your article has been received by the production department, you should expect an e¬mail in which will provide a link to the electronic proof of the article, and a user id and password that will enable access to the proof. We ask that the author mark all corrections clearly on the pages, and email the pages with tracked corrections as instructed on your author’s web page:

This will be the only proof that you see for this article; the responsibility for proofreading is "yours". After the production editor implements the corrections, the article will be published on the journal's website. Publication of each article will be announced to Journal subscribers who will then be allowed access to the article. Please remember that the speed with which your articles can be published depends on the prompt return of your proofs.

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ISSN: 1941-8213

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